General Course Information for ACC435B: Auditing II

Course: ACC435B - Auditing II
Textbook: For the correct edition of the textbook assigned to a specific class, go to:

Course Prerequisite(s):
Course Description:

A continuation of ACC 435A, this course focuses on sampling plan and techniques, gathering substantive evidence for cash and investment cycle, long-term debts and owners' equity, and contingent liabilities. It also covers audit work papers, audit opinions, attestation services, compilation and reviews, and auditor's legal liability associated with an audit engagement.

Course Learning Outcomes:
  • Explain the use of sampling for gathering evidence regarding the effectiveness of internal control, sampling use in tests of control and evaluation of sampling errors.
  • Prepare a sampling plan to conduct substantive tests of details and to gather evidence related to material misstatements in classes of transactions.
  • Document relevant assertions for significant accounts in the cash and investment cycle and application of methods used to gather substantive evidence using tests of transactions, analytical procedures and substantive tests of balances.
  • Document relevant assertions for significant accounts for long-term debt and owner's equity, describing methods auditors use to gather substantive evidence using substantive tests of transactions and tests of balances.
  • Describe the audit procedures for contingent liabilities, subsequent events, and related parties.
  • Describe the review and documentation process for audit work papers and explain how auditors use audit evidence to determine whether the financial statements are materially misstated.
  • Evaluate auditing standards for reporting and modifications to the opinion in the independent auditor's report when a qualified opinion, a disclaimer of opinion, or an adverse opinion is appropriate.
  • Assess the auditor's responsibility when performing audits, attestation services, compilations and reviews.
  • Evaluate the AICPA Professional Code of Conduct and the legal liability associated with an audit engagement.

Students with Disabilities:
Students seeking special accommodations due to a disability must submit an application with supporting documentation, as explained under this subject heading in the General Catalog. Instructors are required to provide such accommodations if they receive written notification from the University.

Writing Across the Curriculum:
Students are expected to demonstrate writing skills in describing, analyzing and evaluating ideas and experiences. Written reports and research papers must follow specific standards regarding citations of an author's work within the text and references at the end of the paper. Students are encouraged to use the services of the University's Writing Center when preparing materials.

The following website provides information on APA, MLA, and other writing and citation styles that may be required for term papers and the like:

National University Library:
National University Library supports academic rigor and student academic success by providing access to scholarly books and journals both electronically and in hard copy. Print materials may be accessed at the Library in San Diego or through document delivery for online and regional students. Librarians are available to provide training, reference assistance, and mentoring at the San Diego Library and virtually for online or regional students. Please take advantage of Library resources:


Contact the Library:

  • (858) 541-7900 (direct line)
  • 1-866-NU ACCESS x7900 (toll free)

Use the Library Training Tools (on the Library Homepage) for additional help

  • Recorded class presentations
  • Tutorials & Guides (APA/MLA, Peer-Review, and more)

Plagiarism is the presentation of someone else's ideas or work as one's own. Students must give credit for any information that is not either the result of original research or common knowledge. If a student borrows ideas or information from another author, he/she must acknowledge the author in the body of the text and on the reference page. Students found plagiarizing are subject to the penalties outlined in the Policies and Procedures section of the University Catalog, which may include a failing grade for the work in question or for the entire course. The following is one of many websites that provide helpful information concerning plagiarism for both students and faculty:

Ethical behavior in the classroom is required of every student. The course will identify ethical policies and practices relevant to course topics.

Students are expected to be competent in using current technology appropriate for this discipline. Such technology may include word processing, spreadsheet, and presentation software. Use of the internet and e-mail may also be required.

Learning to work with and value diversity is essential in every class. Students are expected to exhibit an appreciation for multinational and gender diversity in the classroom.

As a diverse community of learners, students must strive to work together in a setting of civility, tolerance, and respect for each other and for the instructor. Rules of classroom behavior (which apply to online as well as onsite courses) include but are not limited to the following:

  • Conflicting opinions among members of a class are to be respected and responded to in a professional manner.
  • Side conversations or other distracting behaviors are not to be engaged in during lectures, class discussions or presentations
  • There are to be no offensive comments, language, or gestures