An overview of the fundamental microeconomic analysis of policy issues in public finance, emphasizing taxation. Major topics include public good and externalities, tax incidence and equity and fiscal federalism.
- Integrate the analysis of government spending and taxing with basic economic theory.
- Describe optimal taxation using standard economic tools.
- Analyze how the government sets policies and how expenditure and tax policies affect individual behavior.
- Explain how political views affect attitudes toward public finance 5Identify the tools used by public finance economists to analyze both positive and normative issues.
- Identify the tools used by public finance economists to analyze both positive and normative issues
- Discuss the government’s approach to solving particular problems and changing the status quo.
- Describe how to conduct a cost-benefit analysis of public expenditures.
- Construct a theoretical framework for thinking about tax policy.
- Explain how taxes should be levied to enhance economic efficiency and to promote a fair distribution of income.
- Analyze the interaction of state, local and federal governments in public finance.
- Identify the hidden costs of government, welfare economics, and the pure exchange economy.
- Analyze and discuss the issues of food stamps and child nutrition programs, housing assistance, social security and unemployment in relation to taxation and efficiency.
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