General Course Information for PSY435: Analysis of Data in Research

Course: PSY435 - Analysis of Data in Research
Textbook: For the correct edition of the textbook assigned to a specific class, go to:

Course Prerequisite(s):
Course Description:

A study of how conclusions are made on the basis of submitting research data to statistical tests. The general area is called inferential or inductive statistics. Covers methods for analyzing parametric and non-parametric data, single-group and multiple-group sources of data and data derived from one source of information and multiple sources of information.

Course Learning Outcomes:
  • Define, describe or identify basic terms such as: validity, reliability, operational definitions, statistics, average, bias, criterion, decile, derived score, level of significance, sample, control, prediction, randomness, measurement scale, stratification, norms, distractors, and factor.
  • Point out similarities and differences in pairs of research terms such as: observation and measurement, measurement and classification, population and sample, discrete and continuous variables, dependent and independent variables, ordinal and interval data, one percent and five percent levels of significance, and type I and type II error.
  • Describe the conditions which lead to measurement.
  • List the essential functions of validity check.
  • Describe the functions which are served by assumptions in the decision process.
  • Describe the function of such concepts as: measure of central tendency, measure of dispersion or variability, measures of correlation and tests of significance.
  • List and describe the major types of data commonly used in psychology.
  • Cite the strengths and weaknesses of statistical procedures.
  • List and describe the procedures used for the selection of a specific statistical tool.
  • Describe how to proceed to test the representativeness of a sample of a population.
  • List the similarities and differences which exist in testing the reliability and validity of a research instrument.
  • State of least five conditions which represent acceptable ethical standards for measurement.
  • Describe each of the major approaches to psychology assessment and name at least two assessment procedures to illustrate each approach.
  • Identify at least six different kinds of measuring techniques used in the behavioral sciences and give examples of each.
  • List and comment briefly on the major guidelines followed in the collection and analysis of research data.
  • Identify the important factors to be considered in the evaluation of a statistical procedure.
  • Describe the functions of tables, figures or other graphic commonly found in a report describing test data.
  • Discuss the procedures used to present a written analysis of the data in a table or figure in a test report.
  • Discuss the role of correlation in a test report and describe how such correlations could be derived from data provided by a research study.
  • Develop the ability to prepare an acceptable research report using statistical data.

Students with Disabilities:
Students seeking special accommodations due to a disability must submit an application with supporting documentation, as explained under this subject heading in the General Catalog. Instructors are required to provide such accommodations if they receive written notification from the University.

Writing Across the Curriculum:
Students are expected to demonstrate writing skills in describing, analyzing and evaluating ideas and experiences. Written reports and research papers must follow specific standards regarding citations of an author's work within the text and references at the end of the paper. Students are encouraged to use the services of the University's Writing Center when preparing materials.

The following website provides information on APA, MLA, and other writing and citation styles that may be required for term papers and the like:

National University Library:
National University Library supports academic rigor and student academic success by providing access to scholarly books and journals both electronically and in hard copy. Print materials may be accessed at the Library in San Diego or through document delivery for online and regional students. Librarians are available to provide training, reference assistance, and mentoring at the San Diego Library and virtually for online or regional students. Please take advantage of Library resources:


Contact the Library:

  • (858) 541-7900 (direct line)
  • 1-866-NU ACCESS x7900 (toll free)

Use the Library Training Tools (on the Library Homepage) for additional help

  • Recorded class presentations
  • Tutorials & Guides (APA/MLA, Peer-Review, and more)

Plagiarism is the presentation of someone else's ideas or work as one's own. Students must give credit for any information that is not either the result of original research or common knowledge. If a student borrows ideas or information from another author, he/she must acknowledge the author in the body of the text and on the reference page. Students found plagiarizing are subject to the penalties outlined in the Policies and Procedures section of the University Catalog, which may include a failing grade for the work in question or for the entire course. The following is one of many websites that provide helpful information concerning plagiarism for both students and faculty:

Ethical behavior in the classroom is required of every student. The course will identify ethical policies and practices relevant to course topics.

Students are expected to be competent in using current technology appropriate for this discipline. Such technology may include word processing, spreadsheet, and presentation software. Use of the internet and e-mail may also be required.

Learning to work with and value diversity is essential in every class. Students are expected to exhibit an appreciation for multinational and gender diversity in the classroom.

As a diverse community of learners, students must strive to work together in a setting of civility, tolerance, and respect for each other and for the instructor. Rules of classroom behavior (which apply to online as well as onsite courses) include but are not limited to the following:

  • Conflicting opinions among members of a class are to be respected and responded to in a professional manner.
  • Side conversations or other distracting behaviors are not to be engaged in during lectures, class discussions or presentations
  • There are to be no offensive comments, language, or gestures