Course: 
MTH417  Foundations of Geometry 
Textbook: 
For the correct edition of the textbook assigned to a specific class, go to: http://www.nutextdirect.com

Course Prerequisite(s):

Course Description: A discussion of fundamental ideas and processes common to Euclidean and NonEuclidean Geometries: projective, affine and metric geometry. Examines the interplay between inductive and deductive reasoning and formal and informal proof. Addresses uses in science (transformations, scaling), art (Eschertype tessellations, projections), architecture (threedimensional figures) and computer science (fractals, computeraided design). 
Course Learning Outcomes:
 Compare and contrast projective geometry as generalizations of Euclidean geometry.
 Compare and contrast projective geometry as developed from a set of axioms or from groups of transformations.
 Discuss practical applications of projective geometry (including matrices).
 Discuss the concepts of duality, harmonic sets, and involutions.
 Discuss Brouwerandapos;s fixed point theorem and its practical applications.
 Discuss the mapcoloring problem and the controversy of its computer proof.
 Explain Eulerandapos;s formula and construct a Mobius strip.
 Describe the various attempts to prove the Fifth Postulate and the social climate of the times and countries.
 Compare and contrast Euclidean, hyperbolic geometry and elliptic geometry.
 Discuss the concept of parallax and describe how modern scientists use nonEuclidean geometry to attempt to describe the physical nature of the universe.

Specified Program Learning Outcomes:

BACHELOR OF ARTS IN MATHEMATICS EDUCATION
 Develop fundamental knowledge in geometry
 Employ a variety of reasoning skills and effective strategies for solving problems both within the discipline of mathematics and in applied settings that include nonroutine situations
 Employ algebra and number theory ideas and tools as a base of a fundamental language of mathematics research and communication
 Use advanced statistics and probability concepts and methods
 Use current technology tools, such as computers, calculators, graphing utilities, video, and interactive programs that are appropriate for the research and study in mathematics
 Use language and mathematical symbols to communicate mathematical ideas in the connections and interplay among various mathematical topics and their applications that cover range of phenomena across appropriate disciplines

BACHELOR OF ARTS IN MATHEMATICS EDUCATION WITH NEVADA SECONDARY LICENSURE
 Develop fundamental knowledge in geometry
 Employ a variety of reasoning skills and effective strategies for solving problems both within the discipline of mathematics and in applied settings that include nonroutine situations
 Employ algebra and number theory ideas and tools as a base of a fundamental language of mathematics research and communication
 Model real world problems with a variety of algebraic and transcendental functions
 Use current technology tools, such as computers, calculators, graphing utilities, video, and interactive programs that are appropriate for the research and study in mathematics
 Use language and mathematical symbols to communicate mathematical ideas in the connections and interplay among various mathematical topics and their applications that cover range of phenomena across appropriate disciplines

MAJOR IN MATHEMATICS
 Develop fundamental knowledge in geometry
 Develop fundamental knowledge in geometry
 Employ a variety of reasoning skills and effective strategies for
solving problems both within the discipline of mathematics and in
applied settings that include nonroutine situations
 Employ a variety of reasoning skills and effective strategies for
solving problems both within the discipline of mathematics and in
applied settings that include nonroutine situations
 Employ algebra and number theory ideas and tools as a base of a
fundamental language of mathematics research and
communication
 Use current technology tools, such as computers, calculators,
graphing utilities, video, and interactive programs that are
appropriate for the research and study in mathematics
 Use language and mathematical symbols to communicate
mathematical ideas in the connections and interplay among
various mathematical topics and their applications that cover
range of phenomena across appropriate disciplines
 Use language and mathematical symbols to communicate
mathematical ideas in the connections and interplay among
various mathematical topics and their applications that cover
range of phenomena across appropriate disciplines

MAJOR IN MATHEMATICS WITH A PRELIMINARY SINGLE SUBJECT TEACHING CREDENTIAL (CALIFORNIA)
 Develop fundamental knowledge in geometry
 Develop fundamental knowledge in geometry
 Develop fundamental knowledge in geometry
 Employ a variety of reasoning skills and effective strategies for
solving problems both within the discipline of mathematics and in
applied settings that include nonroutine situations
 Employ a variety of reasoning skills and effective strategies for
solving problems both within the discipline of mathematics and in
applied settings that include nonroutine situations
 Employ a variety of reasoning skills and effective strategies for
solving problems both within the discipline of mathematics and in
applied settings that include nonroutine situations
 Employ algebra and number theory ideas and tools as a base of a
fundamental language of mathematics research and
communication
 Employ algebra and number theory ideas and tools as a base of a fundamental language of mathematics research and communication
 Employ algebra and number theory ideas and tools as a base of a fundamental language of mathematics research and communication
 Use advanced statistics and probability concepts and methods
 Use current technology tools, such as computers, calculators,
graphing utilities, video, and interactive programs that are
appropriate for the research and study in mathematics
 Use language and mathematical symbols to communicate
mathematical ideas in the connections and interplay among various mathematical topics and their applications that cover range of phenomena across appropriate disciplines
 Use language and mathematical symbols to communicate
mathematical ideas in the connections and interplay among various mathematical topics and their applications that cover range of phenomena across appropriate disciplines

Students with Disabilities:
Students seeking special accommodations due to a disability must submit an application with supporting documentation, as explained under this subject heading in the General Catalog. Instructors are required to provide such accommodations if they receive written notification from the University.
Writing Across the Curriculum:
Students are expected to demonstrate writing skills in describing, analyzing and evaluating ideas and experiences. Written reports and research papers must follow specific standards regarding citations of an author's work within the text and references at the end of the paper. Students are encouraged to use the services of the University's Writing Center when preparing materials.
The following website provides information on APA, MLA, and other writing and citation styles that may be required for term papers and the like: http://nu.libguides.com/citations
National University Library:
National University Library supports academic rigor and student academic success by providing access to scholarly books and journals both electronically and in hard copy. Print materials may be accessed at the Library in San Diego or through document delivery for online and regional students. Librarians are available to provide training, reference assistance, and mentoring at the San Diego Library and virtually for online or regional students. Please take advantage of Library resources:
URL: http://www.nu.edu/library.
Contact the Library:
 RefDesk@nu.edu
 (858) 5417900 (direct line)
 1866NU ACCESS x7900 (toll free)
Use the Library Training Tools (on the Library Homepage) for additional help
 Recorded class presentations
 Tutorials & Guides (APA/MLA, PeerReview, and more)
Plagiarism:
Plagiarism is the presentation of someone else's ideas or work as one's own. Students must give credit for any information that is not either the result of original research or common knowledge. If a student borrows ideas or information from another author, he/she must acknowledge the author in the body of the text and on the reference page. Students found plagiarizing are subject to the penalties outlined in the Policies and Procedures section of the University Catalog, which may include a failing grade for the work in question or for the entire course. The following is one of many websites that provide helpful information concerning plagiarism for both students and faculty: http://www.indiana.edu/~wts/pamphlets/plagiarism.shtml
Ethics:
Ethical behavior in the classroom is required of every student. The course will identify ethical policies and practices relevant to course topics.
Technology:
Students are expected to be competent in using current technology appropriate for this discipline. Such technology may include word processing, spreadsheet, and presentation software. Use of the internet and email may also be required.
Diversity:
Learning to work with and value diversity is essential in every class. Students are expected to exhibit an appreciation for multinational and gender diversity in the classroom.
Civility:
As a diverse community of learners, students must strive to work together in a setting of civility, tolerance, and respect for each other and for the instructor. Rules of classroom behavior (which apply to online as well as onsite courses) include but are not limited to the following:
 Conflicting opinions among members of a class are to be respected and responded to in a professional manner.
 Side conversations or other distracting behaviors are not to be engaged in during lectures, class discussions or presentations
 There are to be no offensive comments, language, or gestures