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PHL238 Logical & Critical Thinking

Lead Faculty: Dr. Melinda Campbell

Course Description

Introduction to the fundamentals of logic and critical thinking. Focuses on the core skills of logical analysis, argumentation, recognition of fallacious reasoning, linguistic structural analysis, introductory levels of propositional and categorical argumentation, and various forms of inductive reasoning.

Learning Outcomes

  • Demonstrate an understanding of various logical concepts such as validity, soundness, cogency, logical contradiction, and logical inconsistency.
  • Articulate the differences between formal and informal logic and deductive and inductive reasoning.
  • Translate statements in ordinary language into standard-form categorical statements in the expression and formation of valid syllogistic arguments.
  • Demonstrate validity in syllogistic arguments through the Venn Diagram method and application of the Rules of the Syllogism.
  • Recognize common invalid logical argument forms and syllogistic fallacies and demonstrate proficiency in identifying strong from weak inductive arguments.
  • Understand the relation between logic and truth, in particular as it relates to argument analysis and evaluation.
  • Identify arguments, reasons, conclusions, premises, and suppressed assumptions present in ordinary human discourse.
  • Recognize the common invalid argument forms and syllogistic fallacies used in argumentation.
  • Recognize ambiguities that cloud language and informal fallacies that obscure rational thinking